Every spring, creeks in the High Sierra rage with snowmelt. For one to two months, they are a grave danger, especially after wet winters like 2018-19. Backpackers can still hike, camp, and explore safely, but they should be aware of and respect this hazard.
Swift and deep creek crossings will be found throughout the range, including but not limited to (the):
- Yosemite National Park,
- Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Park,
- John Muir Trail,
- Pacific Crest Trail,
- High Sierra Trail,
- Rae Lakes Loop,
- Yosemite High Route, and,
- Kings Canyon High Basin Route.
On this page you will find a list and map of known creek hazards. It’s designed to keep backcountry users safer, by highlighting problem spots and identifying wiser alternates.
This resource needs your help. While I have hiked extensively in the High Sierra, I cannot speak precisely about every creek crossing.
Please share your experience(s) to help make this a more accurate and thorough resource, ultimately helping to keep hikers safer. For instructions, refer to the end of this post.
About peak run-off
Before we get to the list and map of creek hazards, I’d like to share some context and complementary information.
Creek crossings in the High Sierra warrant your attention. The hazard is caused by a unique set of circumstances:
- Significant wintertime snowfall,
- Arrival of hot and sunny weather in late-spring,
- Steep gradients,
- Few bridges,
- Recreational use miles downstream of headwaters, and,
- Non-porous granite substrate.
Water levels normally peak in late-May and June. But after wet winters and cool springs, they can be delayed until (or remain elevated into) July.
On a typical warm and sunny day, the creeks rise and fall considerably. They are highest in the early-evening, swollen with an entire day of melt; and lowest in the morning, after a night of near-freezing temperatures.
Gear & skills
Already I have written an in-depth tutorial about gear and skills for creek crossings. In short:
It’s helpful to use trekking poles and to cross in your hiking shoes. But it’s even more important to:
- Plan crossings in the morning, when flows are relatively low;
- Identify and use safer crossing points;
- Cross larger creeks where they are braided, or cross independently their smaller tributaries further upstream;
- Find snow bridges, and log bridges and jams; and,
- Cross with other hikers, as matter of safety and sometimes stability.
Data: Current levels
For current stream flows, refer to the gauges linked below. Even if they are not on your route, they will give you a sense for real-time conditions.
- Kern River (at Kernville), which drains the southernmost High Sierra;
- Kaweah River (at Three Rivers), which originates upstream of Lodgepole Campground and Kaweah Pass (on the High Sierra Trail);
- Kings River (at Road’s End), which is downstream of Forester Pass, Rae Lakes, and Muir Pass;
- Merced River (at Happy Isles), which captures melt in the southern half of Yosemite;
- Tuolumne River (at Tuolumne Meadows), downstream of Lyell Canyon and Donohue Pass;
While the list and map of creek hazards are comprehensive and mostly accurate, they are not perfect: some hazardous creeks are NOT included, and some information may be incorrect or outdated.
I am providing these sources as a matter of public safety, but ultimately you are responsible for your decisions and safety.
List of creek hazards
To make this list most useful to the most number of backpackers — who overwhelming start and finish at the same trail head, who stay within one land management jurisdiction, and who follow unbranded routes — I have decided to organize this list by land agency and then by alphabetical order.
But in recognition of the popularity of trade routes like the Pacific Crest and John Muir Trails, and as an additional resource for my Yosemite High Route Guide and Kings Canyon High Basin Route Guide, I have included dedicated columns for these trails and routes to allow for quick filtering of applicable crossings.
To open this list in a new window, click here.
Map of creek hazards
To open this map in a new window, click here.
The default layer is the USGS 7.5-minute map series. But I recommend using the more updated FSTopo 2016 layer for trips in or through National Forests.
How to use these resources in the field
The list and map has been updated regularly since its initial release. It was last updated in July 2019.
For a PDF of the list that you can print or download to your smartphone, click here.
To create your own copy of the spreadsheet that you can tailor to your itinerary and then either print or download, either:
- Sign into your Google account, click here, and then select File > Make a copy; or,
- Download it as an CSV file, open it as a new Excel or Sheets file, and edit it as you see fit.
Note: After creating your own copy of this file, additional updates to my master spreadsheet will not automatically download to yours.
To bring this map (or its data) into the field:
- To start, click here, which will open the map in a new window;
- Under Export, select Download GPX file.
This downloaded GPX file can be:
- Opened on your smartphone, with an app like GaiaGPS;
- Loaded onto a handheld GPS unit;
- Uploaded to an online mapping platform (I highly recommend Caltopo), where you can edit and print it.
As with the list, your GPX copy will not update with changes that are made to my master map.
Contribute to this resource
If you would like to share information about specific creek crossings, leave a comment below. Please include:
- Creek name;
- Description of or GPS coordinates for the location;
- Jurisdiction (e.g. Yosemite NP, Sequoia-Kings Canyon NP, Inyo NF);
- A description of the crossing, including its watershed size, swiftness, underlying bed surface, and overall risk level; and,
- Potential safe alternates, including GPS points if they’re available.