A reader — Steve B. from Laporte, MN — recently wrote me:
I used much of your advice on my 300-mile Superior Hiking Trail thru-hike this summer. Many things worked well, like trekking poles, microfiber underwear, and my alcohol stove.
One thing that didn’t go so well was getting wet. I used a Mountain Hardwear rain jacket with Dry.Q EVAP fabric. As you’ve said — and as I came to learn after a day of rain — the technology is overrated. I felt very wet, and got cold. After that experience I bought a nylon poncho, and used it when I needed to. But I’d still like to have a more waterproof jacket.
On your website I don’t see clear recommendations, except to favor “airflow” over “breathability.” I watched your Sierra Designs video about backpacking in the rain, in which you discuss the Cagoule, but that seems to be a purely SD product.
Could you please offer some specific rain gear recommendations, and/or explain how I can remain more comfortable when it rains? Thank you!
I gave Steve an abbreviated answer via email, but I’ll elaborate on it here.
In prolonged rainy conditions, complete comfort — which many would defined as “staying dry” — is probably an impossible goal. Emotionally, prepare to get increasingly wet. With appropriate clothing and skills, the best you can do is delay the onset of wetness, and minimize its discomforts and risks.
I’ll first address clothing, then skills.
Rain jacket and pants
Conventional waterproof/breathable outerwear has two flaws:
- It’s not very breathable, i.e. you’ll get wet from the inside from perspiration build-up.
- It’s not completely waterproof, especially if the delicate durable water repellent (DWR) finish on the exterior face fabric “wets out.” In this case, you’ll get wet from the outside.
Rain wear technology is improving, and still has room to go. But I see three options that are better than the rest.
1. Columbia’s Outdry Extreme fabric
Outdry Extreme will not wet out: its membrane is on the outside and it does not need a DWR finish. The fabric is heavy, however — the most basic model, the Gold Tech Shell Jacket, weighs 12 oz.
A new Gore-Tex Active fabric has a similar construction to Outdry Extreme, but it’s lighter and less durable. The North Face HyperAir Jacket weighs 7 oz, although by all accounts it needs more ventilation.
2. The Packa
The Packa vents like a poncho but fits better. It has legitimate sleeves and a full-length front zipper. It’s a bit clumsy and could use some tailoring, but it’s an innovative solution that I want to support.
For cold and wet conditions, try Paramo clothing. But for mild or warm summertime conditions, the fabric is too heavy and insulative.
More reading: Rain jacket and pants
Merino wool, not polyester
Wool is not “warm when wet,” but it’s less chilling than polyester. Merino wool shirts and underwear are available from Ibex, Icebreaker, Patagonia, Smartwool, and several other brands.
More reading: Hiking shirts
Among the UL crowd, fleece often gets poo-poo’d because it’s less thermally efficient (i.e. warmth per weight) than puffy jackets insulated with down or synthetic fill. When relaxing in camp or taking a mid-day rest in dry conditions, correct, a high-loft jacket is better.
But a fleece top like the TKA 100 Glacier Quarter-Zip Pullover from The North Face has tremendous value in wet conditions. Specifically, it can be worn as a mid-layer between a hiking shirt and a rain shell, to buffer moisture and to increase warmth.
A fleece is also an effective second layer, in windy conditions or brisk temperatures for which a hiking shirt is insufficient on its own. If you don’t need a mid-layer, then a windshirt like the Patagonia Houdini serves as this second layer just as well, but with less weight and bulk.
More reading: Fleece tops
If it rains all day, it is likely that you will be thoroughly wet when you pull into camp. To ensure a quality night of sleep, carry a dedicated set of sleeping clothes that are never used during the day. This half-pound investment will quickly justify itself. In the morning, unfortunately you will need to change back into your wet hiking clothes.
More reading: Sleeping clothes
Finally, two important rain-related skills:
The “reset dry”
If your clothing and gear has become damp or wet, take the first opportunity you have to dry it out. In the Mountain West, it’s fairly easy to find a meadow and 30 minutes of sunshine. In the East or Pacific Northwest, you might be looking at a motel room or laundromat. Either way, by getting your stuff dry you will be able to endure another stretch of wet conditions while remaining relatively comfortable.
Open fires have a bad reputation, somewhat justifiably. But in wet conditions they are a huge morale booster, if not a life-saver.
The most difficult conditions in which to start a fire are when it’s cold and wet. Unfortunately, these are also the conditions in which you will want a fire most. Become proficient in fire-starting before your life depends on it. Practice, practice, practice.
In a forthcoming video from Sierra Designs, I will explain how I start a fire in the backcountry. It’ll come out in a few weeks. A quick giveaway: it involves a lighter and an energy bar wrapper.
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